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  Grape is an economically important and broadly cultivated fruit crop, both in Korea and many parts of the world. In addition to its valuable role in human diets, grape is increasingly used as an industrial crop, including as an ingredient in the food and beverage industry, to produce healthy beverages and cosmetics, and as a source of phytochemicals.
  
  In Korea, grape vines are mainly grown in the Gyeonggi and Jeolla provinces, the main grape-producing regions. While the white grape varieties constitute the primary production of the grape industry in the south of Korea, the red varieties are more predominant in the Gyeonggi province. In Korea, during the 2013-2018 period, the area of grape production recorded an overall reduction of 15.33%. The total production in 2018 observed an increase of 3.16%. Some varieties of grape, such as Muscat Bailey A and Black Queen, are produced throughout the country.
  
  Most Korean grapes are grown according to organic farming practices, which rely heavily on natural inputs, such as compost and animal manure, to maintain soil fertility and provide the necessary nutrients for plant growth. Growers use pruning, shaping, and harvesting to manage the vine industry and produce high-quality grapes. Weed control is implemented by intercropping and tillage, including mechanical and manual weeding, with the goal of limiting hazardous chemicals and pesticide application. For controlling plant diseases and pests, organic farmers employ natural predators, cultivating disease-resistant varieties, and using organic insecticides, fungicides, and antibiotics.
  
  In order to achieve maximum yields and superior quality of grapes, purposeful breeding attaining optimum levels of sugar, acidity and color are implemented. For example, numerous efforts have been made to develop the taste of the table grapes and to develop new varieties, such as the black queen. The country is also making advanced in viticulture and enology, with research focused on soil fertility, irrigation, and pest and disease control, as well as vine training. Korea is currently working towards the adoption of sustainable and organic viticulture practices.
  
  In terms of export, Korea mainly exports fresh grapes in the form of unprocessed fresh fruits, wine, and juice. The primary importers are Japan, Hong Kong, and other countries in East Asia. Korea has also opened up markets for pre-packaged table grapes in recent years, exporting to markets such as the US, Canada, Australia and Europe.
  
  Grape is an economically important and widely grown fruit crop in both Korea and around the world. It is consumed in many forms, including raw, as an ingredient in food and beverages, as a source of phytochemicals, and to produce healthy cosmetics. The grapes found in Korea are mainly grown in Gyeonggi and Jeolla provinces, with white varieties mainly grown in the south and red varieties more predominant in Gyeonggi province.
  
  Organic farming practices are widely adopted in the grape industry in Korea, with practices including pruning, shaping, harvesting, intercropping, and tillage of mechanical and manual weeding. Natural inputs such as animal manure and compost are used to maintain soil fertility and to provide necessary nutrients for plant growth. Natural predators, disease-resistant varieties, organic insecticides and fungicides, and antibiotics are also used to control and prevent plant diseases and pests.
  
  Purposeful breeding is heavily employed to achieve higher yields and excellent quality of grape crops. Breeding focuses on the sugar and acidity levels, as well as the color of the grapes. Pre-packaged table grapes are being actively developed, with an increasing participation of countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and Europe in their consumption.
  
  Grape is exported as fresh fruits, wine, juice and pre-packaged table grapes, with the primary importers being Japan, Hong Kong, and other countries in East Asia. Korea is focusing on the adoption of sustainable and organic viticulture practices, not only to increase the production but also to get a more positive response from the international market.